Hebben

The verb “hebben” (which means “to have” in English) is an irregular verb that has many uses. It is one of the most important Dutch verbs.

The Simple Present Tense forms of “Hebben”

           
  Dutch   English  
         
Singular ik heb I have
hij / zij / het (‘t) heeft he / she / it has
je / jij hebt you (informal*) have
u hebt you (formal*) have
         
Plural wij hebben we have
jullie hebben you (informal*) have
u hebt you (formal*) have
zij hebben they have
       
* These are the same in English.

Examples:

* Ik heb een hond.. I have a dog.
* Zij heeft een baan. She has a job.
* Je hebt een huis. You have a house.
* Wij hebben een auto. We have a car.
* Jullie hebben tid. You (all) have time.
* Zij hebben te veel tid. They have too much time.

The Simple Past Tense forms of “Hebben”

           
  Dutch   English  
         
Singular ik had I had
hij / zij / het (‘t) had he / she / it had
je / jij had you (informal*) had
u had you (formal*) had
         
Plural wij hadden we had
jullie hadden you (informal*) had
u had you (formal*) had
zij hadden they had
       
* These are the same in English.

Examples:

* Gisteren had ik te veel werk. Yesterday I had too much work.
* Zij had mazelen. She had measles.
* Gisteren hadden wij plezier op het
kermisterrein.
Yesterday we had fun at the fairground.
* U had een belangrijke invitatie. You (formal+plural) had an important
invitation.
* Zij hadden vorige week tijd. They had time last week.

The Perfect Tense forms of “Hebben”

           
  Dutch   English  
         
Singular ik heb … gehad I have had …
hij / zij / het (‘t) heeft … gehad he / she / it has had …
je / jij hebt … gehad you (informal*) have had …
u hebt … gehad you (formal*) have had …
         
Plural wij hebben … gehad we have had …
jullie hebben … gehad you (informal*) have had …
u hebt … gehad you (formal*) have had …
zij hebben … gehad they have had …
       
* These are the same in English.

Examples:

* Ik heb te veel zon gehad. I have had too much sun.
* Hij heeft een gesprek met haar
gehad.
He has had a conversation with
her.
* Zij heeft een schok gehad. She has had a shock.
* Wij hebben een goede vakantie gehad. We have had a good holiday.
* Jullie hebben en lange pauze gehad. You (all) have had a long rest.
* Zij hebben wijn met hun avondeten
gehad.
They have had wine with their dinner.

The Future Tense forms of “Hebben” (using “zullen”)

The Dutch verb zullen is used to in conjunction with another verb (in this case “hebben”), to refer to actions in the future in much the same way as the words “will”, or “shall” are used in English, e.g. “I will have something tomorrow”, or “I shall have something tomorrow”. However, in English these words are often simplified in everyday speech to: “I’ll have something tomorrow”.

           
  Dutch   English  
         
Singular ik zal … hebben I will/shall have …
hij / zij / het (‘t) zal … hebben he / she / it will/shall have …
je / jij zult … hebben you (informal*) will/shall have …
u zal … hebben you (formal*) will/shall have …
         
Plural wij zullen … hebben we will/shall have …
jullie zullen … hebben you (informal*) will/shall have …
u zullen … hebben you (formal*) will/shall have …
zij zullen … hebben they will/shall have …
       
* These are the same in English.

Examples:

* Ik zal op dinsdag ontbijt met u
hebben.
I will have breakfast with you on
Tuesday.
* Hij zal onvoldoende tijd hebben
om dat te beëindigen.
He will have insufficient time
to finish that.
* Wij zullen een mooie tijd aan de
kust hebben.
We will have a nice time at the
coast.
* U zult het op vrijdag hebben. You (formal+singular) will
have it on Friday.
* Zij zullen rode handboeken volgend
jaar hebben.
They will have red textbooks next
year.

The Future Tense forms of “Hebben” (using “gaan”)

The Dutch verb gaan may be used to in conjunction with another verb (in this case “hebben”), to refer to actions in the future the same way as the verb “go” in English, e.g. “I am going to have something tomorrow”.

           
  Dutch   English  
         
Singular ik ga … hebben I am going to have …
hij / zij / het (‘t) gaat … hebben he / she / it is going to have …
je / jij gaat … hebben you (informal*) are going to have …
u gaat … hebben you (formal*) are going to have …
         
Plural wij gaan … hebben we are going to have …
jullie gaan … hebben you (informal*) are going to have …
u gaat … hebben you (formal*) are going to have …
zij gaan … hebben they are going to have …
       
* These are the same in English.

Examples:

* Ik ga het in ieder geval hebben. I am going to have it anyway.
* Hij gaat de dag van volgende woensdag
hebben.
He is going to have the day off
next Wednesday.
* Wij gaan thee met onze vrienden
hebben.
We are going to have tea with our
friends.
* Jullie gaan te veel werk hebben
om te doen.
You (informal+plural) are going
to have too much work to do.
* Zij gaan een rit op een trein hebben. They are going to have a ride on
a train.

In case you would like to print this posting we have made it available to download easily. Just click here: Print the Page “Hebben”.

Published by Tulip

Tulip started learning Dutch recently. She has a long way to go but is having fun trying !

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